By - Hanny

Polymers, Plastics, and Broken Chains: Recycling’s Biggest Challenge

It has been estimated that just 9% of the plastic humanity produces gets recycled. The remaining 91% ends up in landfills, incinerators, or being discarded as litter. This, despite monumental recycling efforts that have been in place since the 1970s. So, what is the problem? It boils down to two things: polymers and breaking chains.

Seraphim Plastics likens the problem to leftovers at the end of a meal. It is nearly impossible to break everything down into base ingredients, then use those ingredients to make other foods. The best you can do is eat the leftovers as-is or mix them into other recipes. Plastic presents the same problem for manufacturers and recyclers.

By the way, Seraphim recycles scrap plastic purchased from commercial entities. They turn everything from production cutoffs to plastic buckets into a regrind product that is ideal for mixing with virgin plastic to make new end products.

1.             Plastics are Polymers

Understanding the issues of plastic waste and recycling begins with an understanding of what plastics actually are. Plastics are polymers, which is to say long chains of molecules bonded together. They are made from petroleum. Bio plastics are just now starting to make it to market, but petroleum still rules the day.

Petroleum is processed with heat and chemicals in order to form polymers. Different polymers have different properties. But all polymers consist of molecules so tightly bonded together that breaking those bonds without damaging the molecules is nearly impossible. Each polymer represents a chain that is very difficult to break.

2.             Physical Recycling

There are ways to recycle certain types of plastic through physical means. Seraphim Plastics can recycle plastic buckets by sending them through a series of grinders and reducing the material to small pellets that are eventually sold to manufacturers. Likewise, another recycling company can take PET water bottles and reduce them to flake by sending them through a series of shredders.

The goal in both cases is to provide manufacturers with a plastic material they can melt down and mix with new material to make whatever products they make. The process works just fine except for the fact that the recycled plastic loses some of its integrity when it is melted. Thus, mechanical recycling has inherent limits.

3.             Chemical Recycling

Physical recycling doesn’t do a particularly good job of breaking up polymer chains to release individual molecules. To do that, companies rely on chemical recycling. By subjecting plastics to liquid or gaseous chemicals, they can heat up polymer chains to a temperature high enough to begin breaking molecular bonds.

As you might expect, chemical recycling is a more complicated enterprise. It is also more costly. Finally, there isn’t much you can do with the recovered molecules except put them back into new plastic products. And just as with physical recycling, chemical recycling causes the molecules to lose some of their integrity.

4.              We Do the Best We Can

When you boil plastic recycling down to its simplest form, you discover there really is … Read More..

By - Hanny

Environmental Science

Technology in Business
The position of data expertise systems in a business environment may be classified into 4 broad classes. In addition, emerging advertising paradigms, like relationship advertising and on-line advertising, are launched. Enterprise expertise helps small businesses improve their communication processes. Increased Teamwork – Web-primarily based communication and collaboration platforms at the moment are some of the most well-liked sorts of programs for working collectively.

The Web permits a business to just about travel into new markets without the price of an executive jet or the dangers of making a factory abroad. Corporations effectively use that stored information as part of their strategic planning course of and to assist their advertising efforts.

New York City employers covet Stevens business college students for their capability to apply expertise and analytics in fixing complex enterprise problems. Beforehand he was the co-founding father of Pixloo, a company that helped folks sell their homes online, that was acquired in 2012.

The administration of knowledge methods involves the planning, designing, organizing, coordinating, working and control of technological products. One other research stream goals to indicate the usage of Electronic business (e-business) in enhancing the organization’s competitiveness via deploying progressive info and communications technology.

The Function Of Expertise In A Enterprise Organization

Technology in Business
Info and communications technologies ( ICT ) can be used to assist a lot of what you are promoting activities, from inside enterprise systems to enterprise communications to digital commerce. The instruments you use to develop your on-line presence and to drive traffic to your website may even depend on your explicit business and goal market demographics. Foster open communications among R&D staff, manufacturing engineers, and the advertising and marketing drive.

Last but not least, technology has additionally provided us with a wide range of tools that improve our productivity and allow firms to perform better in every regard. Workers can work and carry out their job individually or collectively using these specialised software technologies.
Know-how at this time is used in enterprise in every single place, simply bringing the world and all of its knowledge to seekers as quick as the clicking of a mouse. Examples just like the latter one might tempt a firm in a mature line of enterprise to diversify into new products and markets where its proprietary however mature expertise could have a key competitive influence, but this sector D strategy is dangerous. Most C-suite executives respect technology as a force that is mandating immense transformation of buyer expectations, the workforce, and the way in which companies are managed.… Read More..